The BIOS-3 system developed by Siberian scientists may become a new revolution: the self-sustaining “micro-Earth” may make it possible for humans to create oxygen, water, and food in hostile environments… such as on Mars, for instance.
“BIOS-3, or the Biological Support System, is an experiment which was started in the early sixties of the last century. The idea was very simple and consists of an attempt to create a prototype of a future station on a different planet, for example, on the Moon or on Mars, outside the biosphere,” Egor Zadereev, Senior Research Scientist at the Institute of Biophysics, told RT.
He added that the longest time spent at BIOS-3 was six months in 1972-1973, saying the system was able to provide 100 percent of the needed oxygen for itself, and from 50 to 80 percent of the food at different stages of the experiment.
Two men and a woman participated in the experiment at the time, they were an agronomist, an engineer and a doctor.
The movie industry touched upon the subject quite a lot, including “The Martian” starring Matt Damon, Zadereev concluded. “Our scientists went to this movie because it is interesting to comment on whether what was happening on Mars in this film was real or unreal.”
The experiment dates back decades ago to during the Cold War in a scientific institute in Siberia 4,000 kilometers from Moscow, in Krasnoyarsk.
Some of the scientists have spent a lot of time at the facility: 74-year-old top engineer Nikolay Bugreyev was inside…