From Ready Nutrition:
ReadyNutrition Guys and Gals, there are a few words that need to be mentioned regarding Bass and Bluegill from a survival perspective. As preppers and adherents to the survival lifestyle, you are well aware of how important protein is for your diet. After a SHTF scenario, we are going to be forced to return (at least partially) to a hunter-gatherer lifestyle. Such a change can best be effected if you are cognizant of all avenues open to you. One of those good avenues is taking advantage of pan-fish as a source for your protein.
I found the following chart you may wish to save for your records:
Bass and Bluegill Nutritional Values, Fried, 3-ounce serving
Calories 211 Sodium 484 mg Total Fat 3 g Potassium 291 mg Saturated 0 g Total Carbs 15 g Polyunsaturated 0 g Dietary Fiber 1 g Monounsaturated 0 g Sugars 0 g Trans 0 g Protein 20 g Cholesterol 31 mg Vitamin A 1% Calcium 2% Vitamin C 0% Iron 11%
As can readily be seen from this chart, bass and bluegill (in relatively small amounts, mind you) provide substantial amounts of protein, along with valuable electrolyte minerals, such as sodium and potassium. (Source)
Now there is a lot more to it than just knowing the nutritional values for these fish. Suffice to say that Bass and Bluegill can be found throughout the United States, and are fairly easy to catch. You can fish for them with something as simple as some line, a hook, and a bamboo/sapling-type pole. You can even catch fish without a hook – you just need to know how! Meat fishing is decidedly different from sport fishing. I strongly recommend studying some books on these two species of fish. They’re in season now. For your home state, it is best to visit either the county extension office or the USFS (U.S. Forestry Service) for more detailed information and maps as to the prevalence of these two fish species.
The bass really go for minnows, worm, and crayfish, and the bluegill for the former two. I have never really liked the artificial lures and spinners, even though many people have great success with them. Crayfish can be found in the streams and lakes where the bass abound. If you aren’t experienced in capturing these guys, be careful, as they are similar to a miniature lobster and can inflict a good pinch on you with their pincers/claws.
When you hook them to use for bait, you should try to place your hook in them between thorax and tail, from the top. If you hook it from the bottom it will cause them to present upside-down, and the bass (who hunt from sight) will know that something’s “fishy.” Plus, you want them to travel backwards, which is their normal manner. Worms are not as complex; however, your object should be to not disable the animal to a degree that it doesn’t even move on the hook. Another consideration is that you must…